Bleeding gums are often a sign of early stage gum disease, a common dental concern that affects approximately 80% of the population at some point in their lives. Maintaining gum health is an important part of overall dental health because the gums are the support for healthy, stable teeth. Dr. Deborah King offers diagnosis and treatment for periodontal disease in her Buckhead dentist office to restore oral health and prevent the further development of gum disease.
Why Do Gums Bleed?
Bleeding gums often indicates that the gums are irritated or inflamed, most likely as a result of plaque building up along the gum line. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis and should be addressed as soon as possible to avoid further progression of periodontal disease. There are other reasons for bleeding gums, including:
- Pregnancy: increased hormone levels can make the gums sensitive and prone to bleeding during oral hygiene care
- Aggressive tooth brushing: using a hard bristled tooth brush and/or brushing too hard can cause the gums to bleed
- Medical conditions: certain health issues can lead to sensitive gums that bleed
- Poor nutrition: vitamin deficiencies and nutritional concerns can lead to bleeding gums and periodontal disease
Treatment for Bleeding Gums
Treating bleeding gums promptly is important for both oral health and overall physical well being. Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults, but often goes undetected in most patients until it has progressed to an advanced stage. Gum disease has also been linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke and even systemic disease such as diabetes. The damage that occurs as gum disease progresses also threatens the integrity of the teeth. Infected gum tissue begins to recede and separate from the tooth roots. This leads to loose and shifting teeth and also enables harmful bacteria to enter the bloodstream.
Routine dental care plays a very important role in the prevention of gum disease, which is also the key to a lasting smile. Your preventive care visit always includes a periodontal screening, which provides Dr. King and her staff the opportunity to look for early signs of gum disease and offer conservative treatment. In many cases, a thorough cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planing can address gingivitis and restore healthy gums. Dr. King also recommends the use of PerioSciences for improving and maintaining periodontal health through the use of anti-oxidant based oral hygiene products. Designed to reduce inflammation of soft tissues in the mouth, PerioSciences offers a wide range of oral care products for the teeth and gums.
For more advanced cases of gum disease requiring complex treatment, Dr. King may refer you to a local specialist for care. Our goal is to help our patients restore and maintain healthy gums to support strong, healthy teeth for as long as possible.