What is Gum Disease?
Gum Disease (periodontal disease) is the inflammation of gums (gingivitis), which eventually causes gum, teeth and oral bone tissue deterioration.
Causes of Gum Disease
The main cause of gum disease is excess plaque build-up. Eating or drinking foods that contain starch or sugar will cause bacteria to build up on your teeth. The bacteria release acids that attach the tooth enamel; this leads to gingivitis (gum inflammation). When gingivitis turns into an infection, it destroys the gum tissue and breaks down the bones in the mouth. The result is tooth decay or tooth loss.
This is why it is crucial to brush your teeth no less than twice a day and floss at least once a day.
Signs of Gum Disease and How to Prevent It
Common signs of gum disease are:
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Loose teeth
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Receding Gums
- Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
To help prevent gum disease, you should schedule a checkup with Buckhead Dental Care every six months for a professional tooth cleaning to help remove plaque buildup. You can also prevent gum disease by maintaining a healthy diet. Limit the number of sweets and snacks in your diet. Choose more natural options like fruits and vegetables, but be aware of your selections as some fruits are high in sugar content. Drinking plenty of water will help to reduce bacteria in the mouth. Caffeine and tobacco products will damage your teeth. Reduce your caffeine intake and quit tobacco usage. Your mouth and body will thank you!
Effects of Gum Disease on Your Overall Health
Gum disease can lead to:
- Heart disease
- Premature birth
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Inflammation brought on by gum disease can also cause an increase in inflammation throughout the body. If you suffer from any of these conditions and have poor oral health habits, you are risking your overall health.
Dr. Deborah King specializes in a wide range of dental services, including periodontal therapy. Buckhead Dental Care not only provides treatment, but we also inform and educate our patients on the importance of maintaining good oral health care.